Dietary[ edit ] The relation between dietary fat and atherosclerosis is controversial.
If the blood supply becomes limited, there is a serious risk of developing chronic kidney disease. The person with renal artery blockage may experience: Treatment options include lifestyle changes, various medications, and surgical interventions. However, it is important that a doctor correctly diagnoses atherosclerosis to make sure that the arteries are returned to full capability.
Diagnosis Those who are at risk of developing atherosclerosis should be tested because the symptoms do not show until cardiovascular disease develops.
A diagnosis will be based on medical history, test results, and a physical exam. Blood tests These measure how much sugar, fat, and protein there is in the blood. If there are high levels of fat and sugar, it could indicate an increased risk of atherosclerosis.
Physical exam The doctor will listen to the arteries using a stethoscope to see if there is an unusual "whooshing" sound as a result of uneven blood flow. If this is heard, it can mean there is plaque obstructing blood flow. There may also be a very weak pulse below the area of the artery that has narrowed.
Sometimes, there is no detectable pulse. An affected limb may have abnormally low blood pressure. There may be a pulsating bulge behind the knee or in the abdomen, indicating the presence of an aneurysm. Where blood flow is restricted, wounds may also not heal properly.
The doctor may check for this type of wound. An ultrasound scanner can check blood pressure at distinct parts of the body. Changes in pressure indicate where arteries may have an obstructed blood flow.
This can be used to find arteries that are hardened and narrowed. Those who are at risk of developing atherosclerosis will likely be told by their doctor to change their lifestyle and maintain a healthy weight.
In some cases, treatment may include medication or surgery. Treatment options The range of treatments for atherosclerosis include: These focus on weight management, physical activity, and a healthy diet.
A doctor may recommend eating foods high in soluble fiber and limiting intake of saturated fats, sodium, and alcohol. Antiplatelet medications can prevent the build up of plaque or help prevent blood clots.
Others, such as statins, might be prescribed to lower cholesterol, and angiotensin-converting enzyme ACE inhibitors can help lower blood pressure. Severe cases of atherosclerosis may be treated by surgical procedures, such as angioplasty or coronary artery bypass grafting CABG.
Angioplasty involves expanding the artery and opening the blockage so that the blood can flow through properly again. CABG is another form of surgery that can improve blood flow to the heart by using arteries from other parts of the body to bypass a narrowed coronary artery.
Prevention Preventing the development of atherosclerosis is one of the best ways to treat the condition. Steps to limit the risk of plaque buildup include: Try to avoid saturated fats, they increase levels of bad cholesterol. The following foods are high in unsaturated fats and can help keep bad cholesterol levels down:Atherosclerosis is a slow, progressive disease that may begin as early as childhood.
Although the exact cause is unknown, atherosclerosis may start with damage or injury to the inner layer of an artery. Atherosclerosis is a disease in which plaque builds up inside your arteries.
Over time, plaque hardens and narrows your arteries. Learn more about causes, risk factors, screening and prevention, signs and symptoms, diagnoses, and treatments for atherosclerosis, and how to participate in clinical trials. Atherosclerosis is a major cause of abdominal aortic aneurysm and is the most common kind of arteriosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries.
This disease process can be seen in any blood vessel in the body and is the cause of coronary artery disease, stroke, and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Atherosclerosis is a slow, progressive disease that may begin as early as childhood.
Although the exact cause is unknown, atherosclerosis may start with damage or injury to the inner layer of an artery. Atherosclerosis -- or hardening of the arteries -- is the leading cause of heart attacks, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease. Find out more. Atherosclerosis is a condition where the arteries become narrowed and hardened due to a buildup of plaque around the artery wall.
It is also known as arteriosclerotic vascular disease.