Facts and figures on childhood obesity Key facts The number of overweight or obese infants and young children aged 0 to 5 years increased from 32 million globally in to 41 million in In the WHO African Region alone the number of overweight or obese children increased from 4 to 9 million over the same period. If current trends continue the number of overweight or obese infants and young children globally will increase to 70 million by Without intervention, obese infants and young children will likely continue to be obese during childhood, adolescence and adulthood.
How to Prevent Obesity Obesity is a chronic disease affecting more and more children, adolescents and adults: Obesity rates among children in the U.
The longer a person is obese, the more significant obesity-related risk factors become. Given the chronic diseases and conditions associated with obesity, and the fact that obesity is difficult to treat, prevention is extremely important.
A primary reason that prevention of obesity is so vital in children is because the likelihood of obese becoming obese adults is thought to increase from about 20 percent at four years of age to 80 percent by adolescence.
Preventing Obesity in Infants The longer babies are breastfed, the less likely they are to become overweight as they grow older.
Breastfed babies are 15 to 25 percent less likely to become overweight. For those who are breastfed for six months or longer, the likelihood is 20 to 40 percent less.
There are a number of steps you can take to help prevent overweight and obesity during childhood and adolescence. Gradually work to change family eating habits and activity levels rather than focusing on weight. Change the habits and the weight will take care of itself.
Be a role model. Parents who eat healthy foods and are physically activity set an example that increases the likelihood their children will do the same. Children should have an hour of moderate physical activity most days of the week.
More than an hour of activity may promote weight loss and subsequent maintenance. Reduce time in front of the TV and computer to less than two hours a day. Encourage children to eat only when hungry, and to eat slowly. Avoid using food as a reward or withholding food as a punishment. Keep the refrigerator stocked with fat-free or low-fat milk and fresh fruit and vegetables instead of soft drinks and snacks high in sugar and fat.
Serve at least five servings of fruits and vegetables daily. Encourage children to drink water rather than beverages with added sugar, such as soft drinks, sports drinks and fruit juice drinks. Preventing Obesity in Adults Many of the strategies that produce successful weight loss and maintenance will help prevent obesity.
Improving your eating habits and increasing physical activity play a vital role in preventing obesity. Things you can do include: Eat five to six servings of fruits and vegetables daily.
A vegetable serving is one cup of raw vegetables or one-half cup of cooked vegetables or vegetable juice. A fruit serving is one piece of small to medium fresh fruit, one-half cup of canned or fresh fruit or fruit juice, or one-fourth cup of dried fruit.
Choose whole grain foods such as brown rice and whole wheat bread. Avoid highly processed foods made with refined white sugar, flour and saturated fat.
Weigh and measure food to gain an understanding of portion sizes. For example, a three-ounce serving of meat is the size of a deck of cards.
Avoid super-sized menu items particularly at fast-food restaurants. You can achieve a lot just with proper choices in serving sizes. Balance the food "checkbook. Avoid foods that are high in "energy density" or that have a lot of calories in a small amount of food.
For example, a large cheeseburger and a large order of fries may have almost 1, calories and 30 or more grams of fat. By ordering a grilled chicken sandwich or a plain hamburger and a small salad with low-fat dressing, you can avoid hundreds of calories and eliminate much of the fat intake.
For dessert, have fruit or a piece of angel food cake rather than the "death by chocolate" special or three pieces of home-made pie.
Examples include walking a minute mile, or weeding and hoeing the garden. Make opportunities during the day for even just 10 or 15 minutes of some calorie-burning activity, such as walking around the block or up and down a few flights of stairs at work.This study found a relatively high prevalence of overweight and obesity among children aged 6–12 years in Port Said city.
Decreased rate of obesity with an increase in age in our study, signifies that faulty feeding habits were the highest at lower ages. Children associate obesity with a number of undesirable traits 1,2 and prefer to associate themselves with nonobese peers.
3,4 Overweight children are more likely to be victims or perpetrators of Craig WM, Boyce WF, Pickett W. Associations between overweight and obesity with bullying behaviors in school-aged children.
Pediatrics. Middle school–aged children are better able to process verbal instruction and integrate information from multiple sources so that participation in complex sports (football, basketball, ice hockey) is more feasible.
Obesity Prevention and Treatment in School-aged Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults—Where Do We Go from Here?
Sharon M. Karp 1 and Sabina B. Gesell 2 1 Schools of Nursing and Medicine (Pediatrics), Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA. Introduction. Today nearly a third of children aged 2 to 15 are overweight or obese 1 2 and younger generations are becoming obese at earlier ages and staying obese for longer.
3 Reducing obesity. PREVENTING CHILDHOOD OBESITY: 31% of adolescents ages 12‐17 years old, and one in three California children ages 9‐11 are at‐risk for, or are already, overweight.3 The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that between and , Reducing Obesity Via a School‐Based.