When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice.
This can be frustrating, and students might be tempted to use whatever information they can remember, without citing it.
Students can simply avoid this by printing every online document they find useful. Be detailed and photocopy all information you will need to later cite the source properly. For most works of literature, the information you will need to cite includes: Author—Creator or compiler of the information; for web sites this may be the Webmaster or the owning organization.
Title—Title of the document; for web sites this is usually found at the top of the Web page. Publisher--the person or organization responsible for the material. Day, month, year—Date published; for web sites this would be the date that the Web page was put online; should be the same as the "last updated" date if available.
Access date—For web sites only, this is the date you viewed the Web page or accessed the information.
They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author. A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage, taking a somewhat broad segment of the source and condensing it slightly.
Once again, it is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to the original source. Summaries are significantly shorter than a paraphrase because summaries take a broader overview of the source material.
Why use quotations, paraphrases, and summaries? Quotations, paraphrases, and summaries serve many purposes. You might use them to: Finally, you should rotate use of all three methods to add stylistic variety to your paper.
Some examples to compare… The original passage the quote: Students frequently overuse direct quotation in taking notes, and as a result they overuse quotations in the final paper.
Therefore, you should strive to limit the amount of exact transcribing of source materials while taking notes. In research papers students often quote excessively, failing to keep quoted material down to a desirable level. Since the problem usually originates during note taking, it is essential to minimize the material recorded verbatim Lester Students should take just a few notes in direct quotation from sources to help minimize the amount of quoted material in a research paper Lester Students often use too many direct quotations when they take notes, resulting in too many of them in the final research paper.
So It is important to limit the amount of source material copied while taking notes. Why is this passage plagiarized? Because there is no citation given at the end of the passage. Intertwining all Three in a Body Paragraph Writers frequently intertwine summaries, paraphrases, and quotations.
As part of a summary of an article, a chapter, or a book, a writer might include paraphrases of various key points blended with quotations of striking or suggestive phrases as in the following example: According to Freud, actual suppressed unacceptable desires are censored internally and subjected to "coding" through layers of "condensation and displacement" before emerging in a kind of "rebus puzzle" in the dream itself page [paraphrase with some quoted key terms].
Write it in Your Own Words Paraphrasing can be tricky, and requires some additional practice. Paraphrasing is a valuable skill because Reread the original passage until you understand its full meaning.
Set the original aside, so it is out of sight, and write your paraphrase on a note card. Jot down a few words below your paraphrase to remind you later how you envision using this material in your essay. At the top of the note card, write a key word or phrase to indicate the subject of your paraphrase.
Now, take out the original passage, and check your rendition with the original to make sure that your version accurately expresses all the essential information in a new form.
Use quotation marks to identify any unique term or phraseology you have borrowed exactly from the source. Record the source including the page on your note card so that.Paraphrasing and summarising Writing information in your own words is a highly acceptable way to include the ideas of other In your writing, you may make a paraphrase of: short sections of text (e.g.
phrases, sentences) Put your text away and write your summary from your notes. 6. Paraphrasing, summarising and quoting Introduction In your assignments you will be expected to draw on the writing of experts in your field of study to demonstrate your understanding of .
FieldWorking: Reading and Writing Research (4th Edition) Reviewed by RYAN R. KELLY Arkansas State University Embarking on the ethnographic road can be a daunting journey. It is a qualitative methodology that brings the researcher into the thick of the social world in one of the.
Our cheapest price for FieldWorking Reading and Writing Research is $ Free shipping on all orders over $ Summary. FieldWorkingis a fun and practical guide to research and writing.
where she teaches nonfiction writing, research methods, the teaching of writing, and folklore.
She directs the undergraduate. Designed to fill the gap between reading about the process of fieldwork and actually engaging in the process and “writing up” the results, this innovative text presents specific methods and models — and offers hands-on practice — for carrying out all phases of field-based research.
include it in a paper you are writing, the summary should focus on how the articles relates specifically to your paper. Reading the Article Allow enough time.
Before you can write about the research, you have to understand it. Summarizing a Research Article , University of Washington. Title.